Old History, New Initiatives: The Baltimore Arabbers

September 28, 2016
by Sydney Jenkins

by Sydney Jenkins

“Watermelon, Watermelon, red to the rind!” “Grapes and Peaches Feeling Ripe!”

When I mention to Maryland natives that I am involved with the Arabbers Preservation Society, folks first tell me about the Arabber hollers they remember echoing down the streets when they were kids. They will have a fruit or vegetable holler that best reminds them of these Baltimore City produce hucksters.  When I explain that I spend weekends hanging out at the Arabber yard, helping them to clean up the stables and supporting their efforts to sell vegetables via horse drawn cart and that today’s Arabbers are out of the streets every day promoting their unique methods of produce sales, the typical response is: “Wait, they’re still around?”

James Chase “fruit,” manager of the Arabber Yard. Photo credit: Holden Warren
James Chase “fruit,” manager of the Arabber Yard. Photo credit: Holden Warren

Arabbers have existed in Baltimore since the formation of the city in 1729. At their earliest inception they were called hucksters or street peddlers.  In fact, street peddling as an occupation was common at one time in most American cities.  New immigrants and other marginalized individuals with few opportunities to earn a living were able to quickly establish themselves as street peddlers.

By the 19th century Baltimore’s street peddling scene was unique from other cities for a geographic reason: Baltimore is a port city in a border state.  Baltimore had the largest free African American population and was home to the second largest immigrant port on the East Coast, thus Baltimore’s band of street peddlers were numerous. However, Baltimore street peddlers’ uniqueness doesn’t stop there.  Around the turn of the 20th century, The Baltimore Sun began referring to Baltimore street peddlers as “arabbers,” a term used in 19th century England to describe folks who lived or worked on the street.  None of the other cities adopted this term for its street sellers and having a special name for this group of workers helped to make them stand out as special.

The Arabbers as a historical topic is not easy to research. Arabbing as a job is somewhat transient in nature.  For much of their existence they have been relegated to the back alleys of Baltimore. And while the 20th century brought challenges for the Arabbers, including technology, urban planning initiatives, political power changes, competition with Baltimore’s many public markets, and animal rights activists, here we are today, in 2016, and Arabbers are still on the streets.

In the city of Baltimore this story of woe isn’t a sad one because here and ONLY here, the Arabbers are not only still existing, but they are thriving.  Recently, there has been a surge of new interest in preserving the Arabber way of doing business. With the support of the Arabber Preservation Society, the Arabbers themselves have been focusing efforts to promote and define what it means to be an Arabber.  They are interested in expanding what they do and one of the ways they hope will help is to increase their community engagement in Baltimore.  They want their unique work to become more publicly recognized.


Volunteer cleanup day at the Arabber Yard. Left to right: Holden Warren (VP of the Arabber Preservation Society) Sydney Jenkins (secretary of APS), Jame Chase (Arabber and President of APS), Seth Wheeler (resident carpenter and fix-it guy), and Deloise Nobel-Strong (Treasurer of APS). Photo Credit: Deloise Nobel-Strong
Volunteer cleanup day at the Arabber Yard. Left to right: Holden Warren (VP of the Arabber Preservation Society) Sydney Jenkins (secretary of APS), Jame Chase (Arabber and President of APS), Seth Wheeler (resident carpenter and fix-it guy), and Deloise Nobel-Strong (Treasurer of APS). Photo Credit: Deloise Nobel-Strong

The first step is to improve their stable area or “Arabber Yard,” and get the yard state certified as Maryland’s 36th Horse Discovery Center.   The “Yard” is located on N. Fremont Avenue and the current plan is to turn it into a heritage and community center.  In addition to serving the Arabbers themselves, and running an Arabber training program, they will host adult and children’s programming focused on animal husbandry, food, and African American history.

Of course, this first project is just a start and there are other Arabber-related projects in the works: A documentary of Arabber history, a mural project, and a horse turnout that could be utilized by the community.

If you are interested in learning more about the Baltimore Arabbers and the Arabber Preservation Society, check out their Facebook page or attend the next event at the yard.  Visitors are also welcome at the Arabber Preservation Society meeting on October 18th at 6:30p (location TBD).

Category: Uncategorized

6 thoughts on “Old History, New Initiatives: The Baltimore Arabbers

  1. Fantastic story, Sydney. Fascinating. I don’t remember the Baltimore Arrabers . . . but I still can hear the “Strawberry Man” and his horse-drawn wagon clopping along the back streets in College Park, Md. Even though I probably was five or six when the Strawberry Man plied his trade, I’m one of those who can still sing his call — ♪♪ “Strawberry … STRAWberrStrawberrStrawberrStrawberries! ♫ We’d hear that call and know that Nana would be making her delicious strawberry shortcake very soon. Thanks for all you’re doing to keep the most special Arabber tradition alive. Next time I’m in Baltimore, I’d love to visit their center.

  2. Oh, how well I remember. i lived in the McCullough Homes in the 1940’s and watched the Arabbers come down Dolphin Street with colorful fruit and vegetables. On Friday’s they would “huck” fish as many ate fish on Fridays instead of other meats. It was a colorful and enriching life as the NAACP Office and The York Hotel were across the street. I was blessed to be “a project child”; there was much to learn “Watermelon! Watermelon! Red to the Rind–OH! Red to the Rind-OH!

  3. I loved this story
    My Great grandfather
    Was. Huckster only south Fremont
    His name was JULIAN HOOKE
    When Julian died mary Hooke (née) Yeakle took the business over as Lady Huchster
    They also had a store from on S. Fremont ave
    In Baltimore City
    I wish there had been photos passed in of him

    He had passed before I was born in 1958

    But growing up in the city of Baltimore
    My brother n sisters n myself would run to mom an say here comes the watermelon man.

    Strawberries watermelon cantaloupe
    Get your fresh strawberries

  4. I believe my Great Grandfather owned and operated Engel’s Feed Store next to the Cross Street Market and also had stables in back of the store to house horses belonging to the Arabbers. I do not have date(s). His son, John Herman Engel, Jr. (1885-1962), my Grandfather, graduated from the University of Pa Veterinary School, was the Vet at the Baltimore Zoo (do not have dates) , Laurel and
    Pimlico Racetracks ( no dates), and had a dog and cat practice out of his home in Forest Park. I would be grateful for information anyone may have.

  5. Thank you for this story. I just decided to search for a book about Stabbers that my father told me that he was in. William “Poppa” Dennis or “Cabbage” who is speaking in the clip at about 1:18min was very proud to be an Arabber. He also performed tricks for kids as he wheeled his wagon with fresh fruits and vegetables. My sister and I were always the first to get top picks of fruit when he came through because after all we were his baby girls!! I remember those days well and am proud of my father for being an Arabber! He is part of the reason that I have become the person I am today! He is gone now, since 2007, but his legacy lives on.

  6. One of my ancestors was an arabber on the streets of Baltimoe from his stable in west Baltimore on Monroe St. He was August Deckert. He died in 1884.

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